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Modern Foreign Languages


Characteristics of a Linguist

  • The confidence to speak with good intonation and pronunciation.
  • Fluency in reading.
  • Fluency and imagination in writing.
  • A strong awareness of the culture of the countries where the language is spoken.
  • A passion for languages and a commitment to the subject.
  • The ability to use language creatively and spontaneously.
  • An independence in their studies and the ability to draw upon a wide range of resources.


Our pupils should be able to organise their knowledge, skills and understanding around the following Big Ideas:

  • Read fluently
  • Write imaginatively
  • Speak confidently
  • Understand the culture of the countries in which the language is spoken

These key concepts underpin learning in each milestone. This enables pupils to reinforce and build upon prior learning, make connections and develop subject specific language. 

The vertical accumulation of knowledge and skills from Years 1 to 6 is mapped as follows:

Threshold Concept (Big Idea)

Milestone 1

Milestone 2

Milestone 3

Read fluently (SP.1)

SP.1.1.A Begin to recognise some simple Spanish words.

SP.1.2.A Recognise familiar Spanish words including numbers, colours, days and months.

SP.1.2.B Begin to use a Spanish translation dictionary to translate simple words.

SP.1.3.A Read carefully and show understanding of words, phrases and simple writing.

SP.1.3.B Broaden their vocabulary and develop their ability to understand new words that are introduced into familiar written material, including through using a dictionary.

Write imaginatively (SP.2)


SP.2.2.A Write simple well-known Spanish words.

SP.2.3.A Write phrases from memory, and adapt these to create new sentences, to express ideas clearly.

SP.2.3.B Describe people, places, things and actions in writing.

Speak confidently (SP.3)

SP.3.1.A Begin to build a simple Spanish vocabulary.

SP.3.2.A Engage in simple conversations where questions are asked and answered.

SP.3.2.B Increase use of Spanish vocabulary and begin to speak in simple sentences.

SP.3.3.A Engage in conversations; ask and answer questions; express opinions and respond to those of others; seek clarification and help.

SP.3.3.B Speak in sentences, using familiar vocabulary, phrases and basic language structures.

SP.3.3.C Develop accurate pronunciation and intonation so that others understand when they are reading aloud or using familiar words and phrases.

SP.3.3.D Present ideas and information orally to a range of audiences.

SP.3.3.E Describe people, places, things and actions orally.

Listen and respond (SP.4)

SP.4.1.A Appreciate Spanish versions of well-known songs and begin to join in.

SP.4.1.B Respond to simple Spanish instructions and questions.

SP.4.2.A Join in with a range of Spanish songs and rhymes.

SP.4.2.B Respond to a range of instructions, questions and commands.

SP.4.3.A Listen attentively to spoken language and show understanding by joining in and responding.

SP.4.3.B Explore the patterns and sounds of language through songs and rhymes and link the spelling, sound and meaning of words.

SP.4.3.C Appreciate stories, songs, poems and rhymes in the language.

Understand the culture of the countries in which the language is spoken (SP.5)

SP.5.1.A Get to know some of the features, traditions and cultures of Spain. Children to share Spanish holiday photos etc. 

SP.5.2.A Understand climate, traditions, cultures, etc of South American Spanish speaking countries.

SP.5.3.A Describe some similarities and differences between Spanish speaking countries and this country.

Grammar (SP.6)


SP.6.2.A Begin to use masculine, feminine and neuter forms.

SP.6.3.A Understand basic grammar, including feminine, masculine and neuter forms and the conjugation of high-frequency verbs; key features and patterns of the language; how to apply these, for instance, to build sentences; and how these differ from or are similar to English.


At the High Peak federation the focus is on learning Spanish.


Aspirations For The Future

Pupils develop an understanding of how subjects and specific skills are linked to future jobs.

Here are some of the jobs you could aspire to do in the future as a Linguist:

  • Attractions manager
  • Teachers in other countries
  • Chefs 
  • Hotel managers
  • Leisure and tourism
  • International law 

For more careers, please visit First Careers.





Through the explicit teaching of the Language skills, both the teachers and the pupils assess their learning continuously throughout the lesson. At the end of the unit, pupils reflect on their knowledge and understanding. Our assessment systems enable teachers to make informed judgements about the depth of their learning and the progress they have made over time.